What Are The Main Stages Of Speech?

Public SpeakingThe main stages of speech are – division, structure, and sections of the speech delivery. But the speech typically consists of

  • The Introduction
  • The Discussion, or Statement of Facts
  • The Conclusion or Peroration.

The introduction:

By far introduction is the hardest part of the speech. You are doing many things at once: establishing rapport, introducing the topic, setting tone and pace for the discussion, getting off to a good start, generating interest etc.

Modesty and familiar, ensure that you and your messages come across with candor, humility and endear yourself.

Staying calm and in control is key.

There are three best ways to start your speech:

  • Using an anecdote or story that breaks the ice, even use humor and establishes a connection
  • Direct reference to the importance of the subject to the listener and their wellbeing in general establishing interest and perception of need.
  • You could also try to show some personal interest in the lives and success, wellbeing of the audience – find a chord that resonates well with most in the room.

The discussion or statement of facts:

Next up is the main body of your speech. This should be characterized by sound logic and common sense. Take them into un-chartered waters where you are the expert and share what you want to share and have to impart to them.

Three elements are lifted out here, namely: unity, order, movement. Keep it important and focused, do not digress unnecessarily or get distracted, off-topic or sidetracked.

Order, clarity, and logical sequence matters for any oratory undertaking from start to finish it has to make sense!

Repeating and summarizing is all in the purpose of this unity, order and movement.

The conclusion or closing:

  • Summarizing and final closing thoughts, this is a vital portion of what you have to say and when you get to really emphasize your message and key points. It asks you to dig deep and lift out the core while leaving a lasting impression.
  • Summarize what has been said
  • You need to know off by heart your closing, word for word! You will not have time to think about it!
  • Keeping it simple and honest are the best ways of effectively closing a speech.
  • Do not allow it to run too long or keep re-stating things to make up time. Know when you are done and gracefully exist with thanks.
  • Leave a vivid image in the eyes, hearts and memories of the audience. Do not end too abruptly.


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