Here are the solutions for the problems encountered in public speech.
These solutions increase the quality of speech and help in delivering a great speech.
Solution: Volume depends upon the extension and regularity of expiration, energy and resonance combined in a given tone.
The voice grows with use, and daily practice is therefore necessary to acquire roundness and volume. The abdominal muscles should be developed by daily respiratory and physical exercises.
- Charge, Chester, charge!
- Oyez! oyez!
All persons having business to do with the Circuit Court of the United States for the Southern district of New York draw near give your attention and you shall be heard.
- The following should be combined with the same vowel sounds, first in loud whisper, then in loud voice, exhausting the breath on each sound: P, t, d, v, k, bl, br, ch, dr, dw, fl, fr, gl, gr, hi, kr, pi, pr, si, sm, sn, sp, sq, sk, sh, st, sw, tr, th, tw, wh.
- Katherine, Queen of England, come into the Court.
- In calling tone repeat:
- Ship ahoy!
- Thou, too, sail on, 0 Ship of State.
- Forward the Light Brigade!
- On, Stanley, on!
- Inhale deeply, and with an abrupt action of the abdominal muscles explode the voice upon be, ba, baw, bah, bo, boo. Avoid using much force at first.
- Char-coal. Char-co-al. Char-coooooooo-al.
- Project the following:
- Stand by the wheel five minutes yet and we will reach the shore.
- Repeat the following with gradually increasing force:
a. It is the King.
Over, over I say.
b. Every inch a King.
Up from the south.
c. At this moment.
The King would speak.
d. Armor on his back.
Eagle has seen it.
e. State the State.
The Queen of Cities.
f. On, ye brave.
- The war must go on! We must fight it through.
- Independence now and Independence forever! Now for the fight, now for the cannon peal. The foe! they come! they come!
- Ye guards of liberty, I’m with you once again. I call to you with all my voice.
Flexibility and compass:
Solution: Flexibility means vocal responsiveness, or the ability to produce any tone or variation that may be required.
- Repeat with swell, one pitch at a time then combined with change of inflection both rising and falling.
- Repeat with trill.
- Repeat with tremolo.
- Commence the following upon a low pitch, reading each successive line in the next highest pitch:
- Repeat in speaking voice, with short, medium, long and very long rising inflection. Repeat in falling and circumflex inflection.
- Repeat with gradually increasing force, and with gradually diminishing force.
- Sing e, a, aw, ah, o, oo in chromatic scale, from the lowest to the highest pitch. The use of a piano in these exercises is desirable.
Solution: Modulation has reference to the means of varying the voice so as to express thought with truth and effectiveness.
The principal modulations are quality, pitch, time, inflection and force.
Solution: Quality may be described as the character of the speaking voice, and for convenience is divided into two kinds: Pure and Impure.
- Pure quality is subdivided into Simple Pure and Orotund, while impure quality is divided into Aspirated, Oral, Falsetto, Guttural and Pectoral.
- Simple pure voice is the quality used in conversation. The pure qualities should be acquired before proceeding to the impure.
- Orotund is marked by unusual roundness and fullness of tone. Daily practice on the vowel “0,” with variety in pitch and force, will materially assist the student in securing this quality. It is used to express sublime and deeply earnest thought.
- Aspirated quality is used to express fear, secrecy, surprise, caution and kindred emotions.
- Oral quality is that of weakness.
- Falsetto is employed in imitating the voices of children, women, old age, etc.
- Guttural is used in language of revenge, anger, horror, aversion.
- Pectoral quality is a deep hollow ehest-tone, used in expressing awe, remorse, deep terror.
- The whisper is sometimes used to express secrecy, fear, and caution. Exercises in whisper will rapidly develop strength of voice.
Brilliancy and resonance:
Solution: To secure brilliancy or a musical quality of voice, practice daily upon exercises containing long vowel sounds.
Resonance is the increase of sound by reflection or the co-vibration of other bodies. Exercises should be selected containing a redundancy of open vowels.
- Repeat with rising inflection awe, ah, e, noting the change in register. The first is a chest-tone, the second a throat-tone and the third a head-tone. Begin at low pitch and aim at smoothness. Repeat with falling and circumflex inflection.
- Open the mouth and throat as wide as possible, in hale deeply, close the lips only, and endeavor to keep the throat open. Imagine the body a deep well and commence at its lowest depth a soft rumbling sound. Practice at first on low pitch; force and high pitch are to be added only after some time.
- Hum b, I and m, singly and in combination.
- Pronounce the following words on various pitches, bringing out the head resonance as much as possible: Bin-gle, dingle, jingle, mingle, ringle, single, tingle, Mingle.