Psychologists across the globe heavily rely on Motivational Interviewing for the counselling of problem thinkers. This technique was developed by a clinical psychologist Professor William R. Miller and Professor Stephen Rollnick. The method can effectively be used to facilitate and engage intrinsic motivation within the person who needs behavioral modifications.
One may call it a goal-oriented and client centric method to help client explore and resolve dilemmas and ambivalence. It identifies the area of concern and also takes into account the readiness of a person before counselling. Following are some of the important aspects of Motivational Interviewing:
1. Reflective Listening
For the therapeutic purposes and counselling to start first of all a basic communication link has to be established between the psychologist and the client. This includes thinking from the person’s point of view as to whether he or she is ready to speak up.
Then the next step is to be able to ask open ended questions and provide affirmations, along with an ability to give a periodic summary statement to the client. This builds a good interactive rapport which then can be a foundation for the therapy.
2. Non- Judge mental Approach
Motivational Interviewing encourages the psychologist to be non-judgemental and non-confrontational in his approach. This will not make the client uncomfortable in his own skin and will give a sense of acceptance. This approach ensures that the motivation to change the behavioral patterns is instigated from within the client and is not enforced.
This method allows the client to review the future and consequences of each action. Making them aware of the possible causes of the existing problem is another area where Motivational Interviewing can be helpful.
3. Ask the right questions
As discussed in one of the previous points, it is important to ask open ended questions such as How’s and What’s. Making a client think for himself or imagine future can be of great help.
If a clinical psychologist is well versed with the technique it is even possible to extract solutions from the client. This method will ensure that the client starts thinking for himself instead of being fed solutions from outside.
4. Basic Steps and Rules
Some of the important rules in Motivational Interviewing are:
1. Bringing up behavioral changes is not a task of clinical psychologist but that of a client.
2. Persuasion is not the way to incept solutions.
3. The counsellor has to be directive and not problem solver.
Photo Credit By: psychotherapy.net